April 27, 2006
Installing GNU Emacs 23 from CVS
Emacs 23 is the current alpha version of GNU Emacs, the most important or at least notable feature of this upcoming version is the unicode support.
Exactly how alpha this version is can easily be deduced if you realise that the current stable Emacs version is 21.4 and that 22.0.50 is the current development version, so expect things to break, even though I haven't experienced any major breakage yet.
So let's get to installing this thing, first you'll need to checkout the code from CVS, figuring out which branch the 23 version is in was probably the hardest part, finding the correct command line switches to CVS in the CVS manpage must have been the second hardest (hey, I'm an avid Subversion user) 😉
I keep my source packages in ~/tmp/src, which I'll use in this example too, just replace this folder with whatever you use. From that directory execute this command:
$ cvs -z3 -d:pserver:firstname.lastname@example.org:/sources/emacs co -r emacs-unicode-2 emacs
This then pulls in the latest Emacs 23 (or as the branch is called emacs-unicode-2, I still wonder why they changed that instead of staying with emacs-unicode) from CVS in a new directory named emacs.
After this has finished (might take a while depending on your connection speed) you have to execute a small variation on the typal configure && make && make install routine as outlined in the INSTALL.CVS file.
There are three options you'll probably want to pass to configure, being –with-gtk, –prefix and –suffix, the first for enabling GTK2 support the second to keep it out of your filesystem structure, and theh last one to add a unique suffix to the binaries, so you can add them to you $PATH without them conflicting with already installed Emacsen.
I installed Emacs 23 in my homedirectory in a folder named local with a suffix of ".emacs-23.0.0" and GTK2 enabled
$ ./configure --prefix=/home/theBlackDragon/local --program-suffix=.emacs-23.0.0 --with-gtk
After configure has done it's job you need to run make bootstrap, this can take quite some time, but fortunately you don't need to do this every time you update the sources from CVS.
Now you just need to follow the "regular" steps:
$ cd lisp $ make recompile EMACS=../src/emacs $ cd .. $ make install
To update Emacs afterwards you'd use:
$ cvs update $ ./configure --prefix=/home/theBlackDragon/local --program-suffix=.emacs-23.0.0 --with-gtk $ make $ cd lisp $ make recompile EMACS=../src/emacs $ cd .. $ make install
When this finishes succesfully you'll have Emacs 23 Alpha installed and you can start poking around. If this doesn't finish succesfully you'll either have to fix it yourself or wait a day and do a CVS update in the hopes that your problem will have been fixed.
Little disclaimer: this is how I istalled it, there might be some inaccuracies in here, should you find some, please let me know. I do hope you found this article useful in any case 🙂